If you're looking for a Oregon online shoplifting class, it's important to know your Oregon theft laws. This can help you understand more about your offense.
Please note that the Oregon theft laws displayed on this page are to help you to understand your state Oregon theft, shoplifting and stealing laws. While we have made every attempt to show the latest version of Oregon theft laws, we do not guarantee its accuracy. This page is not a replacement for legal advice from a lawyer. It is in your best interest that you find an appropriate lawyer for more information about Oregon theft laws.
(1) Takes, appropriates, obtains or withholds such property from an owner thereof;
(2) Commits theft of property lost, mislaid or delivered by mistake as provided in ORS 164.065;
(3) Commits theft by extortion as provided in ORS 164.075;
(4) Commits theft by deception as provided in ORS 164.085; or
(5) Commits theft by receiving as provided in ORS 164.095. [1971 c.743 §123; 2007 c.71 §47]
(1) Except for the crime of theft by extortion, conduct denominated theft under ORS 164.015 constitutes a single offense.
(2) If it is an element of the crime charged that property was taken by extortion, an accusation of theft must so specify. In all other cases an accusation of theft is sufficient if it alleges that the defendant committed theft of property of the nature or value required for the commission of the crime charged without designating the particular way or manner in which the theft was committed.
(3) Proof that the defendant engaged in conduct constituting theft as defined in ORS 164.015 is sufficient to support any indictment, information or complaint for theft other than one charging theft by extortion. An accusation of theft by extortion must be supported by proof establishing theft by extortion. [1971 c.743 §122]
(1) In a prosecution for theft it is a defense that the defendant acted under an honest claim of right, in that:
(a) The defendant was unaware that the property was that of another; or
(b) The defendant reasonably believed that the defendant was entitled to the property involved or had a right to acquire or dispose of it as the defendant did.
(2) In a prosecution for theft by extortion committed by instilling in the victim a fear that the victim or another person would be charged with a crime, it is a defense that the defendant reasonably believed the threatened charge to be true and that the sole purpose of the defendant was to compel or induce the victim to take reasonable action to make good the wrong which was the subject of the threatened charge.
(3) In a prosecution for theft by receiving, it is a defense that the defendant received, retained, concealed or disposed of the property with the intent of restoring it to the owner.
(4) It is a defense that the property involved was that of the defendant’s spouse, unless the parties were not living together as husband and wife and were living in separate abodes at the time of the alleged theft. [1971 c.743 §132; 2001 c.104 §53]
(1) A person commits the crime of theft in the third degree if:
(a) By means other than extortion, the person commits theft as defined in ORS 164.015; and
(b) The total value of the property in a single or an aggregate transaction is less than $100.
(2) Theft in the third degree is a Class C misdemeanor. [1987 c.907 §2; 2009 c.11 §11; 2009 c.16 §1]
(1) A person commits the crime of theft in the second degree if:
(a) By means other than extortion, the person commits theft as defined in ORS 164.015; and
(b) The total value of the property in a single or aggregate transaction is $100 or more and less than $1,000.
(2) Theft in the second degree is a Class A misdemeanor. [1971 c.743 §124; 1987 c.907 §3; 1993 c.680 §19; 2009 c.11 §12; 2009 c.16 §2]
(1) A person commits the crime of theft in the first degree if, by means other than extortion, the person commits theft as defined in ORS 164.015 and:
(a) The total value of the property in a single or aggregate transaction is $1,000 or more;
(b) The theft is committed during a riot, fire, explosion, catastrophe or other emergency in an area affected by the riot, fire, explosion, catastrophe or other emergency;
(c) The theft is theft by receiving committed by buying, selling, borrowing or lending on the security of the property;
(d) The subject of the theft is a firearm or explosive;
(e) The subject of the theft is a livestock animal, a companion animal or a wild animal removed from habitat or born of a wild animal removed from habitat, pursuant to ORS 497.308 (2)(c); or
(f) The subject of the theft is a precursor substance.
(2) As used in this section:
(a) “Companion animal” means a dog or cat possessed by a person, business or other entity for purposes of companionship, security, hunting, herding or providing assistance in relation to a physical disability.
(b) “Explosive” means a chemical compound, mixture or device that is commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing a chemical reaction resulting in a substantially instantaneous release of gas and heat, including but not limited to dynamite, blasting powder, nitroglycerin, blasting caps and nitrojelly, but excluding fireworks as defined in ORS 480.110 (1), black powder, smokeless powder, small arms ammunition and small arms ammunition primers.
(c) “Firearm” has the meaning given that term in ORS 166.210.
(d) “Livestock animal” means a ratite, psittacine, horse, gelding, mare, filly, stallion, colt, mule, ass, jenny, bull, steer, cow, calf, goat, sheep, lamb, llama, pig or hog.
(e) “Precursor substance” has the meaning given that term in ORS 475.940.
(3) Theft in the first degree is a Class C felony.
(1) A person commits the crime of aggravated theft in the first degree, if:
(a) The person violates ORS 164.055 with respect to property, other than a motor vehicle used primarily for personal rather than commercial transportation; and
(b) The value of the property in a single or aggregate transaction is $10,000 or more.
(2) Aggravated theft in the first degree is a Class B felony. [1987 c.907 §5]
(1) The victim of the theft was 65 years of age or older at the time of the commission of the offense; and
(2) The value of the property stolen from the victim described in subsection (1) of this section, in a single or aggregate transaction, is $10,000 or more. [2008 c.14 §4]
(1) As used in this section, “disproportionate impact” means that, in a case of theft in the first degree under ORS 164.055 or aggravated theft in the first degree under ORS 164.057:
(a) The offender caused damage to property during the commission of the theft and the cost to restore the damaged property to the condition the property was in immediately before the theft is more than three times the value of the property that was the subject of the theft; or
(b) The theft of the property creates a hazard to public health or safety or the environment.
(2) The Oregon Criminal Justice Commission shall adopt rules that establish disproportionate impact as an aggravating factor that a court may consider as a substantial and compelling reason to impose an upward departure from a presumptive sentence under the rules of the commission. [2009 c.811 §7]
A person who comes into control of property of another that the person knows or has good reason to know to have been lost, mislaid or delivered under a mistake as to the nature or amount of the property or the identity of the recipient, commits theft if, with intent to deprive the owner thereof, the person fails to take reasonable measures to restore the property to the owner. [1971 c.743 §126]
(1) A person commits theft by extortion when the person compels or induces another to deliver property to the person or to a third person by instilling in the other a fear that, if the property is not so delivered, the actor or a third person will in the future:
(a) Cause physical injury to some person;
(b) Cause damage to property;
(c) Engage in other conduct constituting a crime;
(d) Accuse some person of a crime or cause criminal charges to be instituted against the person;
(e) Expose a secret or publicize an asserted fact, whether true or false, tending to subject some person to hatred, contempt or ridicule;
(f) Cause or continue a strike, boycott or other collective action injurious to some person’s business, except that such conduct is not considered extortion when the property is demanded or received for the benefit of the group in whose interest the actor purports to act;
(g) Testify or provide information or withhold testimony or information with respect to another’s legal claim or defense;
(h) Use or abuse the position as a public servant by performing some act within or related to official duties, or by failing or refusing to perform an official duty, in such manner as to affect some person adversely; or
(i) Inflict any other harm that would not benefit the actor.
(2) Theft by extortion is a Class B felony. [1971 c.743 §127; 1987 c.158 §27; 2007 c.71 §48]
164.085 Theft by deception.
(1) A person, who obtains property of another thereby, commits theft by deception when, with intent to defraud, the person:
(a) Creates or confirms another’s false impression of law, value, intention or other state of mind that the actor does not believe to be true;
(b) Fails to correct a false impression that the person previously created or confirmed;
(c) Prevents another from acquiring information pertinent to the disposition of the property involved;
(d) Sells or otherwise transfers or encumbers property, failing to disclose a lien, adverse claim or other legal impediment to the enjoyment of the property, whether such impediment is or is not valid, or is or is not a matter of official record; or
(e) Promises performance that the person does not intend to perform or knows will not be performed.
(2) “Deception” does not include falsity as to matters having no pecuniary significance, or representations unlikely to deceive ordinary persons in the group addressed. For purposes of this subsection, the theft of a companion animal, as defined in ORS 164.055, or a captive wild animal is a matter having pecuniary significance.
(3) In a prosecution for theft by deception, the defendant’s intention or belief that a promise would not be performed may not be established by or inferred from the fact alone that such promise was not performed.
(4) In a prosecution for theft by deception committed by means of a bad check, it is prima facie evidence of knowledge that the check or order would not be honored if:
(a) The drawer has no account with the drawee at the time the check or order is drawn or uttered; or
(b) Payment is refused by the drawee for lack of funds, upon presentation within 30 days after the date of utterance, and the drawer fails to make good within 10 days after receiving notice of refusal. [1971 c.743 §128; 1991 c.837 §10; 2007 c.71 §49]
(1) A person commits theft by receiving if the person receives, retains, conceals or disposes of property of another knowing or having good reason to know that the property was the subject of theft.
(2) It is a defense to a charge of violating subsection (1) of this section if:
(a) The person is a scrap metal business as defined in ORS 165.116 or an agent or employee of a scrap metal business;
(b) The person receives or retains metal property as defined in ORS 165.116; and
(c) The person makes a report in accordance with ORS 165.118 (3)(a).
(3) “Receiving” means acquiring possession, control or title, or lending on the security of the property. [1971 c.743 §129; 2009 c.811 §9]
(1) A person commits the crime of organized retail theft if, acting in concert with another person:
(a) The person violates ORS 164.015 or aids or abets the other person to violate ORS 164.015;
(b) The subject of the theft is merchandise and the merchandise is taken from a mercantile establishment; and
(c) The aggregate value of the merchandise taken within any 90-day period exceeds $5,000.
(2) As used in this section:
(a) “Merchandise” has the meaning given that term in ORS 30.870.
(b) “Mercantile establishment” has the meaning given that term in ORS 30.870.
(3) Organized retail theft is a Class B felony. [2007 c.498 §2]
(1) A person who has obtained possession of property by theft or other illegal means shall be deemed to have a right of possession superior to that of another person who takes, obtains or withholds the property from that person by means of theft.
(2) A joint or common owner of property shall not be deemed to have a right of possession of the property superior to that of any other joint or common owner of the property.
(3) In the absence of a specific agreement to the contrary, a person in lawful possession of property shall be deemed to have a right of possession superior to that of a person having only a security interest in the property, even if legal title to the property lies with the holder of the security interest pursuant to a conditional sale contract or other security agreement. [1971 c.743 §130; 1987 c.158 §28]
For the purposes of chapter 743, Oregon Laws 1971, the value of property shall be ascertained as follows:
(1) Except as otherwise specified in this section, value means the market value of the property at the time and place of the crime, or if such cannot reasonably be ascertained, the cost of replacement of the property within a reasonable time after the crime.
(2) Whether or not they have been issued or delivered, certain written instruments, not including those having a readily ascertainable market value, shall be evaluated as follows:
(a) The value of an instrument constituting an evidence of debt, including, but not limited to, a check, draft or promissory note, shall be considered the amount due or collectible thereon or thereby.
(b) The value of any other instrument which creates, releases, discharges or otherwise affects any valuable legal right, privilege or obligation shall be considered the greatest amount of economic loss which the owner might reasonably suffer because of the loss of the instrument.
(3) The value of a gambling chip, token, imitation currency or similar device is its face value.
(4) When the value of property cannot reasonably be ascertained, it shall be presumed to be an amount less than $50 in a case of theft, and less than $500 in any other case.
(5) The value of single theft transactions may be added together if the thefts were committed:
(a) Against multiple victims by similar means within a 30-day period; or
(b) Against the same victim, or two or more persons who are joint owners, within a 180-day period. [1971 c.743 §131; 1987 c.907 §6; 1993 c.680 §22; 1997 c.867 §18]
(1) A person commits the crime of theft of services if:
(a) With intent to avoid payment therefor, the person obtains services that are available only for compensation, by force, threat, deception or other means to avoid payment for the services; or
(b) Having control over the disposition of labor or of business, commercial or industrial equipment or facilities of another, the person uses or diverts to the use of the person or a third person such labor, equipment or facilities with intent to derive for the person or the third person a commercial benefit to which the person or the third person is not entitled.
(2) As used in this section, “services” includes, but is not limited to, labor, professional services, toll facilities, transportation, communications service, entertainment, the supplying of food, lodging or other accommodations in hotels, restaurants or elsewhere, the supplying of equipment for use, and the supplying of commodities of a public utility nature such as gas, electricity, steam and water. “Communication service” includes, but is not limited to, use of telephone, computer and cable television systems.
(3) Absconding without payment or offer to pay for hotel, restaurant or other services for which compensation is customarily paid immediately upon the receiving of them is prima facie evidence that the services were obtained with intent to avoid payment therefor. Obtaining the use of any communication system the use of which is available only for compensation, including but not limited to telephone, computer and cable television systems, or obtaining the use of any services of a public utility nature, without payment or offer to pay for such use is prima facie evidence that the obtaining of the use of such system or the use of such services was gained with intent to avoid payment therefor.
(4) The value of single theft transactions may be added together if the thefts were committed:
(a) Against multiple victims by a similar means within a 30-day period; or
(b) Against the same victim, or two or more persons who are joint owners, within a 180-day period.
(5) Theft of services is:
(a) A Class C misdemeanor if the aggregate total value of services that are the subject of the theft is less than $100;
(b) A Class A misdemeanor if the aggregate total value of services that are the subject of the theft is $100 or more and less than $1,000;
(c) A Class C felony if the aggregate total value of services that are the subject of the theft is $1,000 or more; and
(d) A Class B felony if the aggregate total value of services that are the subject of the theft is $10,000 or more. [1971 c.743 §133; 1973 c.133 §1; 1985 c.537 §1; 1987 c.907 §8; 1993 c.680 §21; 2009 c.16 §4]
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